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Gorilla Trekking to Find the Elusive Mountain Gorillas

Updated: Jun 5

Venturing into the dense jungles of the Virunga Mountains in search of the elusive, critically endangered mountain gorillas is one of the most extraordinary wildlife experiences available.

A mother gorilla cleaning her baby.
Mother Gorilla with Her Baby

Join us as we explore these gentle giants' habitat, where Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo meet.

The Virunga Mountains, a UNESCO World Heritage site, are celebrated for their incredible biodiversity and numerous endangered species.

The bamboo-covered forest of the Virunga Mountains was home to the late Dian Fossey, who dedicated 20 years to studying mountain gorillas.

Her work and the acclaimed film "Gorillas in the Mist" have cemented this region's importance as a sanctuary for these magnificent creatures.

A Rare and Magnificent Encounter

With fewer than 900 mountain gorillas remaining in the wild, gorilla trekking provides a unique opportunity to witness this rare species in its natural environment.

Gorillas share many similarities with humans, both in appearance and emotion.

They communicate through a variety of sounds, postures, gestures, and expressions, with at least 22 distinct sounds identified to convey their feelings.

The lifespan of a mountain gorilla ranges from 40 to 50 years.

As the largest primates in the world, they can stand up to six feet tall, weigh between 250 and 600 pounds, and have an arm span of up to seven feet.

Male gorillas are typically twice the size of females.

These primates live in family groups, or troops, which can range from five to fifty individuals.

Life Within a Gorilla Troop

Each gorilla troop is led by a dominant silverback, a mature male named for the gray hair on his back.

The silverback leads the troop through power, respect, and sometimes violence.

He is responsible for protecting the family, resolving conflicts, and guiding the troop to the best feeding sites.

The silverback is the only male who mates with the females, and if he is challenged and displaced by a subordinate, the new leader may kill the nursing infants to restart the reproductive cycle.

The silverback's role is crucial in maintaining the troop's stability and survival.

Best Time for Gorilla Trekking

Gorilla trekking is possible year-round, but the dry seasons—June to September and December to February—are ideal.

During these months, trails are less slippery, making the trek more manageable.

January and February are considered the low season, offering fewer crowds and cheaper hotel rates, while June to August is peak season, requiring advance bookings due to high demand for gorilla permits.

The rainy seasons, from March to May and October to November, present more challenging conditions with slippery trails.

In Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, the average temperature ranges from 52°F (11°C) to 73°F (23°C) throughout the year, providing a relatively mild climate for trekking.

An Unforgettable Safari Experience

Combining a gorilla trek with an African Big Game Safari offers a comprehensive adventure for wildlife enthusiast.

After experiencing the awe-inspiring Great Migration and witnessing the Big Five, a short flight to Rwanda or Uganda will bring you to the starting point of your gorilla trek.

Rwanda, known as the "Land of a Thousand Hills," offers well-maintained roads and airports, making travel to the Virunga region convenient.

Here, you can also visit the Genocide Memorial, explore stunning landscapes, and see the golden monkeys in Volcanoes National Park.

Once in Uganda, the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest hosts the largest number of mountain gorilla troops in the world, providing an unparalleled opportunity to observe these incredible primates in their natural environment.


A gorilla trek through the Virunga Mountains is more than just a wildlife encounter; it’s a profound journey into one of the world’s most biodiverse regions, where the conservation of mountain gorillas continues to inspire and captivate.

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